Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63,
An organization has little or no control over its environment but needs to constantly monitor and adapt to these external changes, a proactive or reactive response leads to significantly different outcome. The Environmental Domain The domain consists of all the entities of the environment that interacts with the organization.
Although the domain can be large, it is important to focus on the ones that have the highest significance.
The common external factors that influence the organization are discussed below. It comprises of the related industries with similar products or services, their geographic locations and markets. It is important to know all the competitors, their organizational size and skills pool, their competitive advantages, their marketing strategies, offshore development etc.
Due to increasingly broad world economy, it is important to watch the competition across the oceans, competitive products launched from abroad, changing socio-political situations, and home grown entrepreneurs.
They are the end-users of the product and services, the most critical aspect of the environment. Customers likes and dislikes changes rapidly, people live in a tight social system that create and encourage trends.
These include the social, economical and cultural changes like population age, ethnicity, education level and economic class. Such changes affect the customer preference and the mass market trends. An organization depends upon availability of certain external resources for its operations and productivity.
These include undergraduate students, related university courses, training schools and labor market. The availability of adequately skilled employees at various levels in the organization can change dramatically over the period of time.
Once the demand for certain skill drops, so does the supply, in a long run it adversely affect the organization since it becomes hard to obtain highly skilled new workers. Similarly, as the competition grows, they compete for the same skill set in the market creating a high temporary demand.
Every organization uses certain raw materials to manufacture its product or service, any disruption in its supply, changes in cost of materials etc can have an adverse effect. It provides operational support; it includes savings or available cash, credit lines to fund new ventures, venture capitals, the stock markets and investors.
It is particularly noteworthy in the organizations that operate on thin margins or new startups since they have little support to raise capitals. It includes the science and technology required for the production, the technical tools that are used in the manufacturing or the technology of the product itself in case of high-tech industry.
Internet, social network, advances in semiconductors and communication technologies have revolutionized how organizations operate in current era.
All organizations have to abide by the legal system, new laws and regulations are constantly added due to the political or social changes. Compliance can result in additional cost, developing new technology, additional taxes or legal fees; one such example is lowered carbon emission requirements.
Not all factors impact the day to day operations and thus needs to be weighed differently.THE NEW LEADERSHIP MODEL HELPS CREATING TOMORROW LEADERS Introduction Many people like to be leaders or appointed to be one either in the area of politics or management.
People are willing to do almost everything to obtain the position as leaders. Their model of leadership effectiveness predicts leadership style is appropriate in each situation based on the level of the followers’ maturity.
The next theory to evolve in the argument of theorists which added complexity to leadership was the interactional theory.
Leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction, motivating people and Fiedler, ; Yulk, ) and truly important in each organization as well as GLCs itself. Schofield () who found that the way people are managed has a powerful impact on both productivity and profitability.
Leadership styles are predictor to. Leadership in organization Yulk GaryTransformational Leadership The theories of transformational leadership were strongly influenced b kreativitas karyawan.
Buscar Buscar. Enviar. Hackett. this label is inappropriate because some important leadership behaviors are not included in the model (Antonakis & House.
Moreover. Yukl’s article describes different behaviors of leadership which have been studied in varies ways. After reading through the 3 types of behavior – task behavior, relations behavior & change behavior- I thought about my experiences in leadership roles and what my behavior would fall under.
- The ability to assess personal leadership model. - Ability to organize team work. - The ability to discern the need and opportunities for individual development and leadership to direct its improvement of the competence based on relevant scientific, social and ethical aspects of sustainable business promotion.