Introductory notes The subject of this chapter of our TrotskyanaNet site is not the Trotskyist press in general, i. Those publications were dealt with in our Trotskyist Serials Bibliography compiled around and published in print format in
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. To the editors of the Pan African Medical Journal The success of malaria control and elimination programmes in African countries is being showcased as an example of effective donor support and the benefits of global investment in health.
Countries remain at different stages of malaria control: Reduced levels of financial support are likely to have a significant impact on health expenditures in at least 15 countries in Africa [ 5 ], and represent a major threat for malaria control and elimination. Can Africa find home-based solutions to sustain these successes and take them forward?
If progress is not sustained, a resurgence of the disease could be fatal for the large numbers of people who have lost their natural immunity to malaria from reduced transmission over the last decade.
Under the leadership of the World Health Organization WHOcountries are in the process of developing strategies to address new challenges in malaria control focusing on insecticides and drug resistance.
This funding crisis represents a window of opportunity for malaria endemic countries in Africa to invest more in health over the next decade and make their own contributions towards healthy populations. Since donor funding is unequally distributed and often not tailored to country needs [ 78 ], this is the right time for governments to look internally to increase their own funding support and plan their own health agendas.
Governments need to set up mechanisms within their national budgets for optimal management of resources and explore ways of making drugs and commodities more accessible and affordable. This can best be achieved by promoting community initiatives and better management of local resources such as the Bamako Initiative [ 9 ].
In addition, community-based health insurance schemes that facilitate access to treatment and reduce pressure on governments and households need to be further explored and implemented [ 10 ]. Africa has real potential to support its own development and all Africans globally need to contribute to this objective.
The time has come for the African continent to invest in its own internal capabilities and mobilize its own resources, and move away from reliance on external donor aid. Competing interests The authors declare no competing interests. Roll Back Malaria Partnership: A decade of Partnership and Results.
Progress and Impact Series. The World Bank; What has driven the decline of infant mortality in Kenya? Policy Research Working Paper Series Global Fund suspends new projects until because of lack of funding.
Mc Coy D, Kinyua K. N Engl J Med. Gething PWFunding for malaria control A comprehensive global assessment. Equity and adequacy of international donor assistance for global malaria control: Accessed on 20 November Impact of mutual health insurance on access to health care and financial risk protection in Rwanda.The World Bank Research Observer, 25(1): 1– ﻦﻣﻷا ﻞﺟأ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻤﻳﺮﻜﻟا ﺔﻴﻔﻳﺮﻟا ﺔﻟﺎﻤﻌﻟا.٢٠١٢ ،وﺎﻔﻟا (٤٠).
The paper states “Analysis of demographic and health surveys for countries included in the assessment shows that the average annual rate of reduction for mortality in rural areas for the period – was 1·6%—with the – annual reduction at 0·5% increasing to 2·6% from –10 (appendix p 9).”.
Introductory notes. The subject of this chapter of our TrotskyanaNet site is not the Trotskyist press in general, i.e. the serials (or, periodicals) produced and disseminated by the numerous national parties and groups or international bodies claiming adherence to Trotsky and/or to Trotskyist positions in past and present.
Those publications were dealt with in our Trotskyist Serials. Teacher Professional Development around the World: The Gap between Evidence and Practice (English) Policy Research Working Paper: Bank Credit Allocation in Latin America and the Caribbean (English) See More + AUG 29, WPS Policy Research Working Paper.
The World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Flaxman AD, Fullman N, Otten MW Jr, Menon M, Cibulskis RE, et al. () Rapid scaling up of insecticide-treated bed net coverage in Africa and its relationship with development assistance for health: a systematic synthesis of supply, distribution, and household survey data.
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, FAO () The State of Food Insecurity in the World, Rome: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. FAO () The State of Food Insecurity in the World, Rome: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.