Police brutality can come in many forms.
Excessive or reasonable force by police?
In a number of closely watched cases involving the deaths of young black men, police have been acquitted, generating uproar and concerns about equal justice for all.
On Staten Island, N. A month later in Ferguson, Mo. He was 12 years old and playing with a toy pistol. On April 4,Walter L. Scott was shot by a police officer after a routine traffic stop in North Charleston, S. The same month, Freddie Gray died while in police custody in Baltimore, setting off widespread unrest.
The policeman in the South Carolina case, Michael T. Slager, was charged with murder based on a cellphone video. In Baltimore, the driver of the police van in which Gray died, Caesar Goodson, was charged with second-degree murderwith lesser charges for five other officers.
There have been no indictments in the earlier cases. These follow other recent incidents and controversies, including an April finding by the U. Two sides, disparate views Surveys in recent years with minority groups — Latinos and African-Americansin particular — suggest that confidence in law enforcement is relatively low, and large portions of these communities believe police are likely to use excessive force on suspects.
A Pew Research Center survey confirms stark Police brutality research project divisions in response to the Ferguson police shooting, as well, while Gallup provides insights on historical patterns of distrust.
Citizens seldom learn of the countless incidents where officers choose to hold fire and display restraint under extreme stress. But as the FBI points out, police departments and officers sometimes do not handle the aftermath of incidents well in terms of transparency and clarity, even when force was reasonably applied, fueling public confusion and anger.
In49, officers were assaulted in the line of duty, with an injury rate of Twenty-seven were murdered that year. Has there been progress in America? The indisputable reality is that we do not fully know.
Comey stated the following in a remarkable February speech: Not long after riots broke out in Ferguson late last summer, I asked my staff to tell me how many people shot by police were African-American in this country.
I wanted to see trends. I wanted to see information. Demographic data regarding officer-involved shootings is not consistently reported to us through our Uniform Crime Reporting Program.
Because reporting is voluntary, our data is incomplete and therefore, in the aggregate, unreliable. I recently listened to a thoughtful big city police chief express his frustration with that lack of reliable data. The first step to understanding what is really going on in our communities and in our country is to gather more and better data related to those we arrest, those we confront for breaking the law and jeopardizing public safety, and those who confront us.
But, again, reporting by police departments is voluntary and not all departments participate. That means we cannot fully track the number of incidents in which force is used by police, or against police, including non-fatal encounters, which are not reported at all.
Without a doubt, training for police has become more standardized and professionalized in recent decades.
Related jurisprudence is still being defined, most recently in the Scott v. Harris decision by the U. But inadequate data and reporting — and the challenge of uniformly defining excessive versus justified force — make objective understanding of trends difficult.
Available statistics, background on use of force The Justice Department releases statistics on this and related issues, although these datasets are only periodically updated: In terms of the use of lethal force, aggregate statistics on incidents of all types are difficult to obtain from official sources.
Some journalists are trying to rectify this; and some data journalists question what few official national statistics are available.
The available data, which does not paint a complete national picture, nevertheless raise serious questions, Sunlight notes: That statistic is taken from data collected for the years However, Oklahoma, the District of Columbia, Nevada and Oregon are all tied for the rate at which people are killed.Mapping Police Violence.
Mapping Police Violence is a research collaborative collecting comprehensive data on police killings nationwide to quantify the impact of police . New York City, December 13, People march in the National March Against Police Violence, which was organized by National Action Network, through the .
Mar 20, · Research Proposal for Police Brutality Police brutality is an area of research that needs to be expanded, since there is so little research on this, so that we can better understand how common it is and to help us find better solutions to deal with this brutality.
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Philippine police are falsifying evidence to justify unlawful killings in a “war on drugs” that has caused more than 7, deaths.