Was Stalin politically strong right from the start of this power struggle? Do Trotsky even want to be the Soviet Union's single leader?
He was the son of a poor cobbler in the provincial Georgian town of Gori in the Caucasusthen an imperial Russian colony. The drunken father savagely beat his son. Speaking only Georgian at home, Joseph learned Russian—which he always spoke with a guttural Georgian accent—while attending the church school at Gori — The mother, a devout washerwoman, had dreamed of her son becoming a priest, but Joseph Dzhugashvili was more ruffianly than clerical in appearance and outlook.
He was short, stocky, black-haired, fierce-eyed, with one arm longer than the other, his swarthy face scarred by smallpox contracted in infancy.
Physically strong and endowed with prodigious Joseph stalin single party paper, he early learned to disguise his true feelings and to bide his time; in accordance with the Caucasian blood-feud tradition, he was implacable in plotting long-term revenge against those who offended him.
In DecemberDzhugashvili became, briefly, a clerk in the Tiflis Observatory, the only paid employment that he is recorded as having taken outside politics; there is no record of his ever having done manual labour.
In he joined the political underground, fomenting labour demonstrations and strikes in the main industrial centres of the Caucasus, but his excessive zeal in pushing duped workers into bloody clashes with the police antagonized his fellow conspirators. After the Social Democrats Marxist revolutionaries of the Russian Empire had split into their two competing wings— Menshevik and Bolshevik —inDzhugashvili joined the second, more militant, of these factions and became a disciple of its leader, Lenin.
Between April and MarchDzhugashvili was seven times arrested for revolutionary activity, undergoing repeated imprisonment and exile.
The mildness of the sentences and the ease with which the young conspirator effected his frequent escapes lend colour to the unproved speculation that Dzhugashvili was for a time an agent provocateur in the pay of the imperial political police.
Rise to power Dzhugashvili made slow progress in the party hierarchy.
He attended three policy-making conclaves of the Russian Social Democrats—in Tammerfors now TampereFinland;Stockholmand London —without making much impression.
His first big political promotion came in February January, Old Stylewhen Lenin—now in emigration—co-opted him to serve on the first Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party, which had finally broken with the other Social Democrats. In about Stalin had married a pious Georgian girl, Ekaterina Svanidze.
She died some three years later and left a son, Jacob, whom his father treated with contemptcalling him a weakling after an unsuccessful suicide attempt in the late s; when Jacob was taken prisoner by the Germans during World War IIStalin refused a German offer to exchange his son.
Besides heading the secretariat, he was also member of the powerful Politburo and of many other interlocking and overlapping committees—an arch-bureaucrat engaged in quietly outmaneuvering brilliant rivals, including Trotsky and Grigory Zinovyevwho despised such mundane organizational work.
Because the pockmarked Georgian was so obviously unintellectual, they thought him unintelligent—a gross error, and one literally fatal in their case. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, Archpriest of LeninismStalin also promoted his own cult in the following year by having the city of Tsaritsyn renamed Stalingrad now Volgograd.
Soon afterward Stalin joined with the rightist leaders Nikolay Bukharin and Aleksey Rykov in an alliance directed against his former co-triumvirs.
His most-powerful rivals were all dismissed, Bukharin and Rykov soon following Zinovyev and Kamenev into disgrace and political limbo pending execution. Stalin expelled Trotsky from the Soviet Union in and had him assassinated in Mexico in This was, in effect, a new Russian revolution more devastating in its effects than those of Resisting desperately, the reluctant muzhiks were attacked by troops and OGPU political police units.
Uncooperative peasantstermed kulakswere arrested en masse, being shot, exiled, or absorbed into the rapidly expanding network of Stalinist concentration camps and worked to death under atrocious conditions.
Collectivization also caused a great famine in Ukraine.Joseph Stalin was a Russian political leader, who was the undisputed leader of the U.S.S.R. from and until his death.
Born Isoif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, he adopted the pseudonym Stalin, which means, "Man of Steel", while still a /5(2). Joseph Stalin, The Leader of USSR from to Every group, party and country has an ultimate advisor or leader.
This person is responsible for making educated decisions based upon the best interests of their members, followers and citizens.
Joseph Stalin was a Russian political leader, who was the undisputed leader of the U.S.S.R. from and until his death. Born Isoif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, he adopted the pseudonym Stalin, which means, "Man of Steel", while still a young revolutionary/5(2).
On paper, at least, Jospeh Stalin was vastly, VASTLY more intelligent than Adolf Hitler, or at least had a much more impressive education, academic record, and list of intellectual achievements. - Joseph Stalin is known to be “one of the most powerful and murderous dictators in history” (plombier-nemours.com).
Stalin became general secretary of the Communist Party, which had given him the control that he had been looking for (plombier-nemours.com). In the rise of power in the Marxist-inspired Bolsheviks in Russia along with the consolidation of power by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, the word communism came to mean a totalitarian system controlled by a single political party.