When the Second Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia init was far from clear that the delegates would pass a resolution to separate from Great Britain. To persuade them, someone needed to articulate why the Americans were breaking away. Although Jefferson disputed his account, John Adams later recalled that he had persuaded Jefferson to write the draft because Jefferson had the fewest enemies in Congress and was the best writer.
The Continental Congress appointed Washington commander-in-chief of the American revolutionary forces in The following year, he forced the British out of Boston, lost New York City, and crossed the Delaware River in New Jersey, defeating the surprised enemy units later that year.
As a result of his strategy, Revolutionary forces captured the two main British combat armies at Saratoga and Yorktown. Negotiating with Congress, the colonial states, and French allies, he held together a tenuous army and a fragile nation amid the threats of disintegration and failure.
Following the end of the war inWashington retired to his plantation on Mount Vernon, prompting an incredulous King George III to state, "If he does that, he will be the greatest man in the world. He sought to create a great nation capable of surviving in a world torn asunder by war between Britain and France.
His unilateral Proclamation of Neutrality of provided a basis for avoiding any involvement in foreign conflicts. He supported plans to build a strong central government by funding the national debt, implementing an effective tax system, and creating a national bank.
Washington avoided the temptation of war and began a decade of peace with Britain via the Jay Treaty in ; he used his prestige to get it ratified over intense opposition from the Jeffersonians. Although never officially joining the Federalist Party, he supported its programs and was its inspirational leader.
Washington is seen as a symbol of the United States and republicanism in practice. His devotion to civic virtue made him an exemplary figure among early American politicians.
Washington died inand in his funeral oration, Henry Lee said that of all Americans, he was "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen. He was educated in the home by his father and older brother. In his youth, Washington worked as a surveyor, and acquired what would become invaluable knowledge of the terrain around his native Colony of Virginia.
Inhe was appointed to his first public office, surveyor of newly created Culpeper County, and through his half-brother, Lawrence Washington, he became interested in the Ohio Company, which aimed to exploit Western lands.
This was the only time George Washington travelled outside what is now the United States. Washington was appointed a district adjutant general in the Virginia militia inwhich made him Major Washington at the age of He was charged with training the militia in the quarter assigned him.
At age 21, in Fredericksburg, Washington became a Master Mason in the organization of Freemasons, a fraternal organization that was a lifelong influence.
Washington assessed French military strength and intentions, and delivered the message to the French at Fort Le Boeuf in present day Waterford, Pennsylvania. The message, which went unheeded, called for the French to abandon their development of the Ohio country, setting in motion two colonial powers toward worldwide conflict.
George was 6 when the family moved to the farm in George inherited the farm and lived in the house until his early 20s, though he also stayed with his half-brother Lawrence at Mount Vernon.
As goal, they were set to restore the house.
French and Indian War InDinwiddie commissioned Washington a lieutenant colonel and ordered him to lead an expedition to Fort Duquesne to drive out the French. With his American Indian allies led by Tanacharison, Washington and his troops ambushed a French scouting party of some 30 men, led by Joseph Coulon de Jumonville.
Washington and his troops were overwhelmed at Fort Necessity by a larger and better positioned French and Indian force. The terms of surrender included a statement that Washington had assassinated Jumonville after the ambush.
Washington could not read French, and, unaware of what it said, signed his name. Released by the French, Washington returned to Virginia, where he was cleared of blame for the defeat, but resigned because he did not like the new arrangement of the Virginia Militia.
This was a major effort to retake the Ohio Country. While Braddock was killed and the expedition ended in disaster, Washington distinguished himself as the Hero of the Monongahela.
Subsequent to this action, Washington was given a difficult frontier command in the Virginia mountains, and was rewarded by being promoted to colonel and named commander of all Virginia forces.
InWashington participated as a brigadier general in the Forbes expedition that prompted French evacuation of Fort Duquesne, and British establishment of Pittsburgh.
Later that year, Washington resigned from active military service and spent the next sixteen years as a Virginia planter and politician. George only visited her home twice before proposing marriage to her 3 weeks after they met.
George and Martha were each 27 years old when they married on January 6, at her home, known as The White House, which shares its name with the future presidential mansion. The newlywed couple moved to Mount Vernon, where he took up the tuckahoe life of a genteel planter and political figure.
They had a good marriage, and together they raised her two children by her previous marriage to Daniel Parke Custis, John Parke Custis and Martha Parke Custis, affectionately called "Jackie" and "Patsy.Born in Westmoreland County, Va., on Feb.
22, , George Washington was the eldest son of Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington, who were prosperous Virginia gentry of English descent. Pedestrians walk around the George Washington statue in front of Federal Hall September 5, in New York City.
On July 4, , Washington signed the first U.S. tax tariff act. George Clymer () —George Clymer had a great deal of financial talent and signed both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
His home was vandalized by the British in during the American Revolutionary War. Three years later, on the anniversary of George Washington’s birthday in , Lincoln said in a speech at what by that time was being called “Independence Hall,” “I would rather be assassinated on this spot than to surrender” .
Provoked the movement toward American independence. George Washington's greatest strength as a national hero was his? Personal sacrifices and his obvious disinclination toward becoming a dictator.
Chapter 4 American Revolution Review. 47 terms. History 7A Chapter 5: The American Revolution. Free Online Library: Washington's spies: General George Washington's intelligence network during the American War for Independence contributed largely to his success.(History--Struggle For Freedom) by "The New American"; News, opinion and commentary General interest United States history Military aspects Revolution, .