What is Impact Assessment?
This project is designed to give you a field experience that will expose you to scientific principles of field work in environmental analysis and other activities related to the preparation of an environmental impact statement. Follow the guidelines and prepare an environmental impact statement for the site to be visited later.
Why Environmental Impact Studies?
Population growth, rising expectations and technological changes have created serious environmental problems. Today, our society faces an increasing dilemma of balancing the Environmental impact assessment of maximizing our well-being through resource use while minimizing serious health and environmental abuses.
In order to try to balance these two goals, we must know the effects of proposed actions or projects and the level of risk acceptance to the public. Judging the acceptable risk is difficult because of lack of information and because the decision is ultimately a value judgment. Faced with a balancing dilemma caused in part by a lack of definitive information, the Federal government, followed by many state and local Environmental impact assessment, has turned to the preparation of Environmental Impact Assessments to try to answer some of the information-related questions.
When we refer to 'environmental impact', what comes to mind will differ depending on one's view of 'the environment' and the components of the environment that one values. Environmental impact assessments measure or estimate impacts on one or more environmental indicators air, water, soil, land, sound etc.
Many groups are concerned with assessing the degree to which various components of the environment are changing. However, different groups may have a particular interest in particular components of the environment, and little interest in others.
Environment Impact Statement EIS Environmental impact assessment is undertaken to ensure that major projects or programs undergo comprehensive review before they are implemented or constructed. An Environmental Impact Statement EIS therefore provides information that enable people to make informed decisions and better balance public and private interest goals and environmental concerns.
The EIS process can help decision makers to identify actions that are likely to degrade environmental quality. The review entails an assessment of the environmental, economic, and social impacts of projects or programs as well as a consideration of alternative proposals that would mitigate the environmental damage as well as meet concerns for human well-being.
Who must prepare an EIS? The Federal National Environmental Policy Act NEPA which became effective on January 1,requires all agencies of the Federal government to include in every recommendation of a project detailed statement describing the following: The environmental impact of the proposed action 2.
Any adverse environmental effects that would result from the implementation of the project. Alternatives to the proposed action or project 4.
The relationship between local short-term uses of the environment and the maintenance and enhancement of long-term productivity. Any irreversible or irretrievable commitments of resources that would result from the implementation of the project.
NEPA is administered by Council of Environmental Quality CEQ which can neither request or make changes in an EIS but serves to advise the President on environmental policy and to prepare an annual report on the status and trends of the national environment. How is an EIS Reviewed?
The Internal review is conducted by the agency proposing the project.
It consists of a decision as to whether the proposed action is important enough to warrant a full-blown EIS or lesser document. The process begins when an agency approaches an environmental officer to enquire whether a proposed project will constitute a major action that will have a significant impact on the environment.
The officer may go outside his agency to other agencies with the expertise in the field of activity for comments. External review of the EIS occurs outside the agency proposing the project.
The public or an appointed agency may do it. At the end of the review process, the public or environmental agency may accept or reject the original proposal for the project. An environmental impact statement should enable agencies or individuals reviewing the document to make a complete and balanced assessment of the potential impacts of the project being considered.
It should be written in a way that regardless of the technicalities, an educated lay person should be able to understand the conclusions and the reasoning that led to the conclusions of an EIS. The method of preparing and the form of EIS vary as widely as the diverse nature of projects.
Current guidelines require all EIS to address several generic topics: A description of the proposed activity or project and its purpose 2. Description of the existing environment likely to be significantly affected by the proposed activity and its alternatives see attached notes for details of components of the environment that may be impacted.
A description of reasonable alternatives for example, locational, engineering, design or technological to the proposed activity and also the no-action alternative.
Choose the No-action and one other alternative and provide reasons for your proposals.
A description of the potential environmental impact of the proposed activity and an estimation of the significance of such impacts. Detailed analysis of the probable Impacts of the project.
An explicit statement of environmental data used for the assessment and problems encountered during the process.Environmental assessment is a procedure that ensures that the environmental implications of decisions are taken into account before the decisions are made.
Environmental assessment can be undertaken for individual projects, such as a dam, motorway, airport or factory, on the basis of Directive An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an assessment of the likely human environmental health impact, risk to ecological health, and changes to nature's services that a project may have.
Explains requirements of the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations Environmental assessment is a procedure that ensures that the environmental implications of decisions are taken into account before the decisions are made.
Environmental assessment can be undertaken for individual projects, such as a dam, motorway, airport or factory, on the basis of Directive EIA Report The Environmental Impact Assessment Report is the document prepared by the Developer that presents the output of the assessment.
It contains information. Environmental Impact Assessment Review (EIA Review) is a refereed, interdisciplinary journal serving a global audience of practitioners, policy-makers, regulators, academics and others with an interest in the field of impact assessment (IA) and management.
Impact assessment is.