Report of the secretary of the interior 1 Organization of the department —. Report of the secretary of the interior-Continued.
For example, the affix ka-an2 is added to any root which refers to a plant to form a collective noun referring to a place where a group of that type of plant is found. The formation, ka-[plant]-an, is not listed except in cases where there is s. The following productive affixes are listed only occasionally.
For their meanings and a description of the type of roots to which they are added, see the entries: The inflectional affixes which may be added to a given verb base in a given meaning are indicated by means of a formula which is explained in the following subsections.
The derivational affixes paN-1a,c, pakig- and ka- are also indicated with these formulas. Our classification of verbs consists of two parts separated by a semicolon: The active classes are indicated by capital letters A, B, C and numbers indicating subclasses; and the passive classes are indicated by minuscules a, b, and c followed by numbers indicating subclasses.
In the following subsections the verbs mentioned as examples of each conjugation class are listed with examples for all the relevant affixations.
If they are the predicate of the sentence, the subject is the agent of the action.
If they are in attribute construction, the head is the agent of the action. They occur with mu- meanings 1 and 2 25 and thus also with mi- ni- etc. See the entries under these affixes for further illustration and explanation.
The symbol A1 indicates verbs of the A conjugation which do not occur with the punctual-active set, mu- mi- etc. The symbol A2 indicates that the base does not occur with the durative-active set, mag- nag- etc. The symbol A3 indicates that the base does not occur with the potential-active set, maka- naka- etc.
Two numbers following the letter A indicate the absence of two of the three active affixes. A12 indicates a base which occurs only with maka- naka- etc. The symbol A13 indicates lack of mu- and maka- but occurrence of mag- e.
The symbol S following a number indicates that the base occurs with the prefix represented, but that there is shift Section 5. The symbol P following the letter A indicates that the unaffixed root and the root plus pa- have exactly the same meaning and are used interchangeably with the active affixes: The symbol A3P indicates that the root occurs with both maka- naka- and, alternatively, with makapa- nakapa- with no difference in meaning.
Further, the base occurs with nonpotential [ xviii ]affixes, but with the nonpotential active affixes, pa- cannot be added to the base without changing the meaning. The symbol AP means that the root occurs only with potential-active affixes i.
The symbol N following A or A plus the numbers indicates that the prefix paN- can be added to the base together with the punctual-active affix, mu- and with the potential-active affix maka- naka- but not with the durative affixes, and that the root alone is synonymous with the base plus paN.
That is to say, the form mu- mi- [root] and maN- naN- [root] 26 are synonymous, and maka- naka- [root] is synonymous with nakapaN-[root] and makapaN-[root].
If they are the predicate of the sentence, the subject is the thing to which the event happened. Verbs of class B occur with mu- mi- etc. Verbs of class B2 lack mag- e. Verbs of class B3 1 occur with maka- in two meanings: In the latter meaning it also occurs with makapa- nakapa-e. Verbs of class B4 lack na- ma.
Verbs of class B5 lack maka- naka- and verbs of class B6 lack magka-2, e. Many verbs in the class B conjugation have one or more of these conjugational features. The symbols S and N are used just as with the verbs of the A conjugation. The symbolization B2S indicates that the penult is short with the durative affixes mag- etc.
A symbol BN indicates that paN- may be added to the base with the volitional affix mu- and that the root plus mu- mi- etc.
Verbs in this class usually have a long penult and shift the stress to the penult if the final syllable of the unaffixed root is stressed.belit coil, twist (as a python around something); twisted (PMP: *belit₂) beloŋ bent, crooked, out of true (PWMP: *beluŋ) be-lubaŋ having a hole or hollow (PMP: *lubaŋ₁) be-lukap be turned up at the edge, as a mat (PWMP: *lukab) beluŋgiŋ bui a somersault (beluŋgiŋ = fall .
Mosquito coils are one of the cheapest and effective way of avoiding them, but this coils are made up of chemicals which can harm our health.
So we thought about making a substitute mosquito coil that is not harmful to our health and that is the Ipil-Ipil katol, a natural and environmental friendly coil. • develop the value of resourcefulness and make an effective mosquito coil with less cost.
D. Significance of the Study E. Scope and Limitations of the Study The Philippines, as we all know, is a . Search America's historic newspaper pages from or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between present.
Former Australian hostage Warren Rodwell being interviewed by the Australian Federal Police on March 31, about how his abduction in the Philippines had unfolded.
Preface. Thls guide to conversation Is a simple means of sharing the unique Chechen language and culture with speakers IO'f English- ltrnakes no claim to be a linguistic research, tool, but is provided as 1[;1 practical ald for the first steps in communication with an .