Peter McCue's blood had greater influence on the development of the Quarter Horse between and than that of any other single individual. His sons were in demand and scattered among all of the principal Quarter Horse areas.
Colonial era[ edit ] In the 17th century, colonists on the eastern seaboard of what today is the United States began to cross imported English Thoroughbred horses with assorted "native" horses such as the Chickasaw horsewhich was a breed developed by Native American people from horses descended from Spain, developed from IberianArabian and Barb stock brought to what is now the Southeastern United States by the Conquistadors.
He was foaled inand imported to colonial Virginia in When matched against a Thoroughbred, local sprinters often won. These horses of the west included herds of feral animals known as Mustangsas well as horses domesticated by Native Americansincluding the ComancheShoshoni and Nez Perce tribes.
Early foundation sires of Quarter horse type included Steel Dustfoaled ; Shiloh or Old Shilohfoaled ; Old Cold Deck ; Lock's Rondo, one of many "Rondo" horses, foaled in ; Old Billy—again, one of many "Billy" horses—foaled circa ; Travelera stallion of unknown breeding, known to have been in Texas by ;  and Peter McCuefoaledregistered as a Thoroughbred but of disputed pedigree.
Even after the invention of the automobile, horses were still irreplaceable for handling livestock on the range.
The skills needed by cowboys and their horses became the foundation of the rodeoa contest which began with informal competition between cowboys and expanded to become a major competitive event throughout the west. To this day, the Quarter Horse dominates the sport both in speed events and in competition that emphasizes the handling of live cattle.
As a result, more Thoroughbred blood was added back into the developing American Quarter Horse breed. The resulting offspring is registered in the "appendix" of the American Quarter Horse Association's studbook, hence the nickname.
Horses listed in the appendix may be entered in competition, but offspring are not initially eligible for full AQHA registration. If the Appendix horse meets certain conformational criteria and is shown or raced successfully in sanctioned AQHA events, the horse can earn its way from the appendix into the permanent studbook, making its offspring eligible for AQHA registration.
Some breeders, who argue that the continued infusion of Thoroughbred bloodlines is beginning to compromise the integrity of the breed standard, favor the earlier style of horse and have created several separate organizations to promote and register "Foundation" Quarter Horses.
The American Quarter Horse is best known today as a show horserace horsereining and cutting horse, rodeo competitor, ranch horse, and all-around family horse. Quarter Horses compete well in rodeo events such as barrel racingcalf roping and team roping ;   and gymkhana or O-Mok-See.
Large purses allow top competitors to earn over a million dollars in these events. Many race tracks offer Quarter Horses a wide assortment of pari-mutuel horse racing with purses in the millions. They are also used for recreational trail riding and in mounted police units.
European nations such as Germany and Italy have imported large numbers of Quarter Horses. Countries like Japan, Switzerland and Israel that did not have traditional stock horse industries have begun to compete with American Quarter Horses in their own nations and internationally.
There are two main body types: The stock horse type is shorter, more compact, stocky and well-muscled, yet agile. The racing and hunter type Quarter Horses are somewhat taller and smoother muscled than the stock type, more closely resembling the Thoroughbred.
The most common color is sorrela brownish red, part of the color group called chestnut by most other breed registries. Other recognized colors include bayblackbrownbuckskinpalominograydunred dun, grullo also occasionally referred to as blue dunred roanblue roan, bay roan, perlinocremelloand white.
Stock horse A stock horse is a horse of a type that is well suited for working with livestock, particularly cattle.
Reining and cutting horses are smaller in stature, with quick, agile movements and very powerful hindquarters.
Western pleasure show horses are often slightly taller, with slower movements, smoother gaits, and a somewhat more level topline — though still featuring the powerful hindquarters characteristic of the Quarter Horse. There is controversy amongst owners, breeder and veterinarians regarding the health effects of the extreme muscle mass that is currently fashionable in the specialized halter horse, which typically is Not only are there concerns about the weight to frame ratio on the horse's skeletal systembut the massive build is also linked to hyperkalemic periodic paralysis HYPP in descendants of the stallion Impressive see Genetic diseases below.
Racing and hunter type[ edit ] A Quarter Horse warming up for hunt seat competition.The American Quarter Horse, or Quarter Horse, is an American breed of horse that excels at sprinting short distances.
Its name came from its ability to outdistance other horse breeds in races of a quarter mile or less; some have been clocked at speeds up to 55 mph ( km/h).
Established in , the Homozygous Paint Horses produced here at The Spotted Fawn Paint and Quarter Horse Ranch are among the finest performance and pleasure Paint horses and AQHA horses found around the world! Joe Hancock P, the "original" Quarter Horse versatility sire, was a hh brown stallion who was inducted in the AQHA Hall of Fame in Cedar Ridge Quarter Horses, reining, cutting, reined cowhorse show prospects.
Grullo (grulla), blue roan, and champagne quarter horses bred for reining, cutting, roping, and ranch work. Many great horses have played key roles in the Quarter Horse breed, and this book profiles some of the early day legends - mostly stallions, but also a few mares.
Become a Quarter Horse history expert! | See more ideas about American quarter horses, Quarter horses and American quarter horse.