This 5 page paper looks at the concept of humor and assesses it from a variety of sociological and psychological perspectives. Several authors are noted including Sigmund Freud.
The latter is the older term, and at first simply meant 'relating to the analysis of the human psyche'. But with the emergence of psychoanalysis as a distinct clinical practice, both terms came to describe that.
Although both are still used, today, the normal adjective is psychoanalytic. Psychoanalytic theorists believe that human behavior is deterministic. It is governed by irrational forces, and the unconscious, as well as instinctual and biological drives.
Due to this deterministic nature, psychoanalytic theorists do not believe in free will. Josef Breuerespecially when it came to the study on Anna O.
Today, Breuer can be considered the grandfather of psychoanalysis. The research and ideas behind the study on Anna O.
These observations led Freud to theorize that the problems faced by hysterical patients could be associated with painful childhood experiences that could not be recalled.
The influence of these lost memories shaped the feelings, thoughts and behaviours of patients.
These studies contributed to the development of the psychoanalytic theory. The id is the aspect of personality that is driven by internal and basic drives and needs.
These are typically instinctual, such as hunger, thirst, and the drive for sex, or libido. The id acts in accordance with the pleasure principlein that it avoids pain and seeks pleasure. Due to the instinctual quality of the id, it is impulsive and often unaware of implications of actions.
The ego is driven by the reality principle. The ego works to balance the id and superego, by trying to achieve the id's drive in the most realistic ways. It seeks to rationalize the id's instinct and please the drives that benefit the individual in the long term.
It helps separate what is real, and realistic of our drives as well as being realistic about the standards that the superego sets for the individual. The superego is driven by the morality principle. It acts in connection with the morality of higher thought and action. Instead of instinctively acting like the id, the superego works to act in socially acceptable ways.
It employs morality, judging our sense of wrong and right and using guilt to encourage socially acceptable behavior. Freud said that it is the unconscious that exposes the true feelings, emotions, and thoughts of the individual. There are variety of psychoanalytic techniques used to access and understand the unconscious, ranging from methods like hypnosis, free association, and dream analysis.
Dreams allow us to explore the unconscious; according to Freud, they are "the 'royal road' to the unconscious". Whereas latent content is the underlying meaning of a dream that may not be remembered when a person wakes up, manifest content is the content from the dream that a person remembers upon waking and can be analyzed by a psychoanalytic psychologist.
Pioneers of psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and Alfred Alder were influential thinkers, early founders, and significant contributors to the science of psychology. Theories of Personality. Pages. Theories of Personality. Uploaded by. Janina Centeno. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Theories of Personality. Download. Theories of Personality. Uploaded by. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung both author two separate Psychodynamic Theories of Personality. While former colleagues and even close friends at one time, differences related to their studies led to .
Exploring and understanding the manifest content of dreams can inform the individual of complexes or disorders that may be under the surface of their personality. Dreams can provide access to the unconscious that is not easily accessible. They are considered mistakes revealing the unconscious.
Examples range from calling someone by the wrong name, misinterpreting a spoken or written word, or simply saying the wrong thing. It thus reacts to protect the individual from any stressors and anxiety by distorting reality.
This prevents threatening unconscious thoughts and material from entering the consciousness. The different types of defense mechanisms are: Repressionreaction formationdenialprojectiondisplacementsublimationregressionand rationalization.
It is a stage theory that believes progress occurs through stages as the libido is directed to different body parts. The different stages, listed in order of progression, are: The Genital stage is achieved if people meet all their needs throughout the other stages with enough available sexual energy.
Individuals who don't have their needs met in a given stage become fixated, or "stuck" in that stage.Carl Jung was an early supporter of Freud because of their shared interest in the unconscious.
He was an active member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society (formerly known as the Wednesday Psychological Society).Author: Saul Mcleod. Erich Fromm Transpersonal or Analytical Psychology: Carl Jung Jung met Freud in and even flying saucers.
and others y Others: Heinz Hartmann. Kohut. he had a life-long interest in the occult.
Freud and Jung: Early Psychoanalytic Theories Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung were two influential theorists in psychology (Nystul, M., ). Freud was considered the father of psychology and believed that human behavior was the result of unconscious conflict . Created July 7, by, user Mark Kelland Personality Theory Sigmund Freud is unquestionably the most famous person in the fields of psychiatry and psychology, and one of . Sigmund Freud developed the personality theory about a hundred years ago. Freud’s theory divides human personality into unconscious, preconscious and conscious parts. In addition, Freud divides personality into superego, ego and id.
suggesting that we develop through pre-determined stages that present special crises or . Comparison of Theories on Personality Abstract This paper is a comparison of three different viewpoints on the subject of personality. Carl Jung, B.F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers all had very different outlooks on what defined someone’s personality.
Nov 07, · Personality: Sigmund Freud and Personality Dynamics Personality Theories Baruch served as an advisor to every American president, the last John F. Kennedy. Baruch initiated the influential quote loved by hundreds of people and renowned by children’s stories author Dr.
Seuss. One of the most important psychological approaches to understanding personality is based on the psychodynamic approach to personality developed by Sigmund Freud. For Freud the mind was like an iceberg, with the many motivations of the unconscious being much larger, but also out of sight, in comparison to the consciousness of which we are aware.
Freud vs. Jung. Carl Jung met Freud in and the two men talked “virtually without a pause for thirteen hours” Each was captivated by the other’s genius and passionate interest in psychology, and they began a close correspondence in which they exchanged letters as often as three times a week.